South Wales Coalfield Collection

Welsh Project

Ref.No. Description Dates
VID/49 Discussion, Day Release Class.
A day release class discussion on the influence of folk music on Welsh culture and politics as related to coal mining. Two pieces of folk music are played.
Running time : 9mins 42secs.
VID/50 Interviews at Remploy Factory.
Interviews of employees at a Remploy factory which employs section 2 disabled people including disabled miners. They talk about why they are working in the factory, how it compares to coal mining, the atmosphere in the factory, the management and what they would be doing if they were not employed at the factory.
Covers period : 1950-1976 (c).
Running time : 25mins 27secs.
VID/51 Interview of Young Women in Brynamman.
Interview of a group of young women who live in Brynamman. They talk about their families, how their standard of living compares with that of their parents, the sense of community, how little real poverty there is, what it's like to be a woman in Wales, the dangers of mining and the possibility of their husbands being killed, how women in mining communities differ from other women and the lack of work for women in the area.
Covers period : 1950- 1976 (c).
Running time : 18mins 29secs.
VID/52 Interview of Weeks, Phil.
Interview of Phil Weeks. He talks about his early life, being a colliery manager in the 1940's, the problems of nationalisation, industrial relations, how the role of colliery manager has changed, the large consolidated pits and the problems of having men from different communities working together, the participation of the workforce in decision making and his view of workers' control, the difference between American and British management and what might happen if the United States nationalised their coal industry.
Covers period : 1945-1976 (c).
Running time : 16mins 8secs.
VID/53 Interview of Young Miners.
Interview of a group of young Welsh miners. They talk about their training and how important they think it is, the lack of alternative work in the area, the chance to get funded by the National Coal Board to do other training courses, the friendly atmosphere in a mine, the advantages of nationalisation, the first time they went down the mine, union activities, what they do in their spare time, women working down mines in the United States, health risks and their future.
Covers period : 1975-1976 (c).
Running time : 20mins 56secs.
VID/54 Interview of Manager of Open Cast Mine.
Interview of a manager of an unidentified open cast anthracite mine in South Wales. He talks about problems with the union, factors causing the mine to lose money, land reclamation and the amount this costs, dealing with complaints from the local community and working with the National Coal Board.
Covers period : 1968-1976 (c).
Running time : 16mins 2secs.
VID/55 Interview of Welsh League of Youth Members.
Interview of members of the Welsh League of Youth in Brynamman. They talk about folk dancing, the importance of culture, the meaning of one of the dances, why so many of them are teachers, the lack of jobs in the area, why they came back to the area after being at college, the young people complaining that there is nothing to do, politics, Welsh nationalism, the English and anti-English feeling, making Wales truly bilingual, economic exploitation and high water rates. The interview includes two Welsh folk dances.
Covers period : 1968-1976 (c).
Running time : 31mins 29secs.
VID/56 Interview of Jack at Cwmgorse Colliery.
Interview of a miner called Jack who used to work at Cwmgorse Colliery. He talks about people at the nearby chapel being buried in coal, an undermanager who was thrown in the river by the local women, working in a factory and not liking it, the comradeship in the mine, the effect of mechanisation, his first day at work, accidents he has had and fatal accidents to other miners, the unnecessary closure of collieries, moving men from colliery to colliery, the National Coal Board not taking the advice of local miners and the effect on the community of the colliery closing.
Covers period : 1948-1976 (c).
Running time : 25mins 19secs.
VID/57 Discussion, Crown Hotel.
Discussion between four miners (one of whom is called Calvin) at the Crown Hotel. They talk about open cast miners not being in the National Union of Mineworkers, the strikes of 1972 and 1974 and what the open cast miners did during them, working 12 hour shifts in open cast mines, the NUM and open cast union moving closer together, the struggle of miners to get a basic wage and an eight hour day, why the NUM did not pay its members strike wages during the 1972 strike, the effect deep mining has on health, working the nightshift in open cast mines, land reclamation, work in an open cast mine being easier and better than that in a deep mine and opposition to open cast mining.
Covers period : 1949-1976 (c).
Running time : 26mins 15secs.
VID/58 Interview of two miners, Uplands Club.
Interview of two miners called Tom and Glyn at the Uplands Club, Swansea. They talk about what jobs they have done in the coal industry, what job they liked best, working the 'Peacock' seam and the dangers and health risks involved, Tirbach Small Mine and the dust there, the local amateur operatic society, the 1926 lockout and miners having to rustle cattle and sheep for food, the significance of Wales v England rugby matches, open cast mining in Wales and the United States, what a typical Welsh person is like, politics, religion, the English, the closure of collieries and the switch to oil and independence for Wales.
Covers period : 1926-1976 (c).
Running time : 25mins 35secs.
VID/59 Discussion, Uplands Club.
Discussion between the two miners called Tom and Glyn interviewed on SWCC : VID/58 at the Uplands Club, Swansea. They talk about the National Coal Board, diferences in wages of miners in Wales, England and Scotland, the oil industry, colliery closures, the selling of coal, home rule, the Vietnam War and those who refused to fight in it, World War II, the Spanish Civil War, capitalism and capitalists, Jews, the Americans during the war and the large American oil companies.
Covers period : 1939-1976 (c).
Running time : 24mins 33secs.
VID/60 Interview of two sisters and one man, Blaenau.
Interview of two sisters and one man who live in Blaenau, Dyfed. They talk about their opposition to open cast mining, the noise caused by open cast, the setting up of an action committee, attending the public enquiry, the power of the National Coal Board, damage to housing caused by the blasting at open cast mines and the small amount of compensation received, inadequate land restoration, having to move house because the land was needed for an open cast mine.
Covers period : 1953-1976 (c).
Running time : 24mins 55secs.
VID/61 Brynamman Infant School.
Film of Brynamman Infant School. It shows the children arriving at school, being taught in the classroom, playing in the playground, singing songs and going home. It also includes a brief interview with the head teacher who explains that the school is bilingual with Welsh being the first language, the importance of the class teacher and what they hope to teach the children.
Running time : 28mins 10secs.
VID/62 Boundary Meeting, Brynamman.
A public meeting in Brynamman about Boundary Commission proposals and whether or not Brynamman should remain in Dyfed or become part of West Glamorgan. There are brief interviews with some residents at the end of the meeting.
Running time : 40mins 2secs.
VID/63 Discussion, Nationalisation.
A discussion between four miners from Dyfed about nationalisation. They talk about Vesting Day and what they expected from nationalisation, the improvement in working conditions, the closure of collieries in the 1920's, when the idea of nationalisation was first put forward, arguments between the right and left wings about nationalisation, the men appointed to manage the National Coal Board, how the collieries are not run on behalf of the people, how things could be better and how the distribution of coal is still controlled by private companies.
Covers period : 1914-1976 (c).
Running time : 21mins 49secs.
VID/64 Discussion, Dust Sampling.
A discussion between a colliery official and five other men about dust sampling. A new type of dust sampler is demonstrated and they talk about the procedure for dust sampling and the problems involved in carrying it out.
Covers period : 1976 (c).
Running time : 9mins 13secs.
VID/65 Interview of colliery official and one man.
Interview of a colliery official and one man from SWCC : VID/64. They talk about information about dust in mines being available to the miners but not to the general public, how power loading has made miners more aware of dust and why miners in South Wales are against using respirators.
Covers period : 1976 (c).
Running time : 4mins 23secs.
1976 (c)
VID/66 Interview of Griffiths (Mrs) (nee Hargreaves) and Griffiths, Jim.
Interview of Mrs Griffiths and her son Jim. They talk about living in Brynamman and the sense of community, working mothers and unsupervised children, women ruling in the home but not allowed to interfere in 'men's talk', meeting her husband, her family, her great grandfather Mr Hargreaves moving from Yorkshire to run a colliery in the area and how the Hargreaves are still remembered in the area.
Covers period : 1900-1976 (c).
Running time : 19mins 51secs.
VID/67 Interview of Jones, Doris.
Memoirs of Doris Jones - how she started work when she was eight years old, helping her grandmother with washing and ironing, her first husband contracting silicosis, having to look after him, his catching tuberculosis and dying at the age of 53, not getting any compensation, how she still helps people with housework, her children, her second husband, and what she would do if she could live her life again.
Covers period : 1910-1976 (c).
Running time : 23mins 21secs.
VID/68 Interview of Francis, Dai.
Interview of Dai Francis divided into three parts. In the first part 'Uniting the Membership' he talks about becoming Finance Secretary at Onllwyn Lodge, how the coal owner owned everything, what happened if men didn't pay their contributions, how the South Wales Miners Federation was run before and after 1933, Nationalisation and what it meant, making wages uniform throughout the coalfields in Britain, pit closures, the value of coal and the importance of miners. In the second part 'A Step in the Right Direction' he talks about the mistake of leaving the distribution of coal in the hands of private enterprise, the control of the price of coal in the 1940's and 50's, the improvements nationalisation brought, the National Coal Board, mining in the United States of America, what the miners should do next, production for use not profit and his memories of Vesting Day In the third part 'Anyone a Rebel' he talks about the miners' Eisteddfod, the South Wales Miners' Gala and how it differs from others, Paul Robeson, Welsh opera singers, the mining communities, the strikes of 1972 and 1974, the 1926 lock out and the picketing of Saltley Marsh Coal Depot.
Covers period : 1926-1976 (c).
Running time : 45mins 47secs.
VID/69 Brynamman Hotel.
Footage of people playing darts and singing in the Brynamman Hotel. This is followed by an eight minute interview of one of the bar staff at the Hotel. He talks about his parents, his education, working as a cabinet maker, swimming pool attendant and various other jobs he has had.
Covers period : 1929- 1976 (c).
Running time : 23mins 26secs.
VID/70 Music and Poetry.
Footage of people singing and reciting poetry. It includes a poem about the 1972 miners strike and school children singing.
Covers period : 1972-1976 (c).
Running time : 28mins 42secs.
VID/71 Interview of a farmer.
Interview of a Welsh farmer who has leased some of his land for open cast mining. He talks about why he leased the land, the restoration of the land, not wanting to lose his farm, his children, problems caused by blasting at the mine and open cast mining in the United States.
Covers period : 1965-1976 (c).
Running time : 11mins 18secs.
VID/72 The Silver Band.
Footage of a silver band rehearsing. It includes a brief interview of one of the older bandsmen. He talks about how the band used to play concerts in places like the Royal Albert Hall, how all the members used to be miners, the origin of the band, where it gets money for its instruments, why he enjoys playing so much and why there is less interest than there used to be.
Covers period : 1889-1976 (c).
Running time : 22mins 28secs.

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University of Wales Swansea 02 July, 2007 LIS Web Team